What is vitamin C?
Vitamin C (or ascorbic acid) is a water-soluble vitamin that is not stored in the body. As a result, humans must eat sufficient amounts of vitamin C every day.
How does the body use vitamin C?
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that aids the immune system and helps prevent cellular damage caused by exposure to toxins. It is also used to create collagen, which is used to heal wounds and maintain healthy skin, gums, bones, and blood vessels. Vitamin C also helps the body absorb and store iron.
How much vitamin C do I need?
|Category||Adequate Intake (mg)|
Smokers should add an extra 35 mg per day to these numbers since vitamin C is used to fight the toxins in tobacco smoke.
Since the body uses vitamin C to metabolize alcohol,2 MyFoodDiary suggests that daily drinkers add a minimum of 35 mg per day to the previous recommendations. Vitamin C may also reduce impairment from alcohol3 and may decrease the time needed to remove alcohol from the bloodstream.3, 4
Which foods are high in vitamin C?
|Sweet Red Peppers||1 cup||472%|
|Navel Orange||1 orange||130%|
|Red Tomatoes||1 cup||38%|
|Acorn Squash||1 cup||27%|
What is vitamin C deficiency?
Vitamin C deficiency is called scurvy — once a common and fatal disease among sailors who were unable to eat fresh fruits and vegetables for long periods. Risk factors include alcoholism, poverty, fad dieting, anorexia nervosa, illicit drug use, and intestinal disorders.5 The first signs of scurvy are skin rashes and bleeding gums.
What is Vitamin C toxicity?
Toxicity is rare since the body can easily remove water-soluble vitamins like vitamin C. However, vitamin C toxicity can occur in individuals ingesting more than 2,000 milligrams of vitamin C per day, which can lead to kidney stones and occasional diarrhea.
- Vitamin C. National Institutes of Health.
- Faizallah R, Morris AI, Krasner N, Walker RJ (Jan 1986). Alcohol enhances vitamin C excretion in the urine. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 21(1):81-84.
- Susick RL, Zannoni VG (May 1987). Effect of ascorbic acid on the consequences of acute alcohol consumption in humans. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 41(5):502-509.
- Chen MF, Boyce HW , Hsu JM (Jun 1990). Effect of ascorbic acid on plasma alcohol clearance. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 9(3):185-189.
- Leger, D. (Oct 2008). Scurvy: Reemergence of nutritional deficiencies. Canadian Family Physician, 54(10): 1403–1406.