Understanding what causes hunger, how to stay full longer, and how to reduce cravings are important steps for weight loss. It allows you to make the changes necessary to take control of hunger before it takes control of you.
Eat a balanced meal.
A balanced meal offsets changes in the body that can trigger hunger. If you sit down to a meal full of simple sugars and lacking protein or fiber, you will likely be hungry again soon after eating. Refined carbohydrates spike blood sugar, which is then followed by a crash that will have your stomach grumbling. Protein helps to stabilize your blood sugar, reducing this spike and crash reaction. Research shows that increasing fiber intake also increases fullness. By balancing your meal to include a lean protein source like poultry or beans with complex carbohydrates and fiber from whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, you will feel full longer.
Fill up on fewer calories.
If the meal ends and you still feel like you haven’t had enough to eat, take a closer look at the foods on your plate. Eating nutrient-dense foods that provide fewer calories allows you to eat more while still reaching your weight loss goals. Fruits and vegetables are loaded with fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and most have few calories. Add a salad to your meal or fruit for dessert. Filling up on these foods will keep you feeling satisfied.
Don't drink your calories.
Sodas, alcohol, and juices supply the body with calories, but they won't fill you up. When research subjects eat the same number of calories of solid food versus beverages, they report feeling fuller with food.
Recognize true hunger.
Years of food restriction and fad diets can result in a numbing of hunger signals and an inability to recognize fullness. This causes you to confuse when your body needs fuel and when you are hungry out of stress or boredom. When hunger strikes, stop, and assess the situation. How long has it been since you last ate? It’s normal to feel hunger about 3 to 5 hours after eating. Do you have a physical feeling of hunger like a grumbling stomach? If so, chances are your body needs some healthy fuel. If not, you might be turning to food for reasons other than hunger. The more you stop to evaluate your cravings for food, the better you will become at recognizing true hunger.
Identify your triggers.
We all have triggers that make us crave foods even when we are not truly hungry. It's essential to identify these triggers so that you can eliminate them and reduce eating when you are not truly hungry. Do you browse a food blog or restaurant website and find you are suddenly hungry? Do you sit in front of the television and want a snack? Seeing food can trigger cravings. When you recognize how these triggers affect you, you can learn to ignore the cravings and monitor your activities to steer clear of situations that make you hungry.