A successful weight loss program is like a recipe. Start with a few key ingredients as a base, add some others for taste and individuality, and you end up with a winning formula for success.
A usual course of events that lead to failure in permanent weight loss goes something like this: You are gung ho and overly anxious to lose weight. You drastically cut calories below what the body needs to perform daily functions. The body attempts to balance out this deficit by decreasing metabolism - the rate at which the body uses calories.
The body is very resourceful when it is stressed, so it dips into its fuel reserves. Although these reserves include fat stores, the body views muscle as a good fuel source too. As the body uses its own muscle, thus decreasing lean body mass, metabolism further decreases. You lose interest in the restrictive diet and return to a typical eating pattern. However, this time around, since the body has less muscle mass and a lower metabolism, you actually gain weight and surpass the initial starting weight. This vicious diet cycle only leads to repeated failure.
There are two major ways to combat this no-win situation and put the odds back in your favor. One is to never drastically cut back on calories. It's like raising a red flag alerting the body of starvation. Calorie reduction should be slow and minimal - about 250 calories a day less than you're accustomed to consuming. Look back over your food journal and identify small areas that you can adjust to cut calories.
Exercise is the other key ingredient to outsmarting your body's defense against starvation. If you are actually using your muscles by engaging in exercise, your body will not regard them as a primary means of fuel. Using your muscles relays the signal to your body that you need them and that breaking them down for fuel to meet the needs of the rest of your body is not a good idea. In addition to maintaining or even increasing your muscle mass, exercise also gives your metabolism a jumpstart. This boost in metabolism extends beyond the exercise session and can help you burn even more calories.
If you use 250 calories a day by exercising, and decrease your caloric intake by approximately 250 calories a day, your total caloric deficit is 3500 calories for the week. This will result in a loss of one pound per week. The good news is that it's one pound of fat - not lean body tissue!
Losing weight slowly through small changes in your eating and exercise habits helps you to successfully keep it off long term.